The Ming Dynasty (–) was China's last ethnic Chinese dynasty. After the Mongol Yuan were ousted, it flourished, but ended with rebellion and. The Ming dynasty was the ruling dynasty of China – then known as the Empire of the Great Ming – for years (–) following the collapse of the Hongwu Emperor · List of emperors of the Ming · Chongzhen Emperor · Li Zicheng. The early Ming dynasty was a period of cultural restoration and expansion. The reestablishment of an indigenous Chinese ruling house led to the imposition of.